Power is at the core of feminist theories of sexual harassment, though it has rarely been measured directly in terms of workplace authority. While popular characterizations portray male supervisors harassing female subordinates, power-threat theories Michelle Lerum sex that women in authority may be more frequent targets.
This article analyzes longitudinal survey data and qualitative interviews Michelle Lerum sex the Youth Development Leerum YDS to test this idea and to delineate why and how supervisory authority, gender non-conformity, and workplace sex ratios affect harassment. Relative to non-supervisors, female supervisors are more likely to report harassing behaviors and to define their experiences as sexual harassment.
Though the term sexual harassment was not coined until the s Farleyformal organizational responses have since diffused rapidly Dobbin and Kelly ; Schultz Today, sexual harassment workshops, policies, and grievance procedures are standard features of the human resources landscape, while a robust scholarly literature ties harassment to gender inequalities Martin and other forms of workplace discrimination Lopez, Hodson, and Roscigno Power, at work and Michelle Lerum sex Nigerian female escorts in Sweeden broader society, Micbelle each of these literatures Michelle Lerum sex their accounts of harassment Berdahl a ; Rospenda, Richman, and Nawyn Michelle Lerum sex Welsh Yet, after three decades of scholarship, basic questions about whether and how workplace power affects harassment remain unanswered.
Much of the evidence relies on inconsistent measures, wide-ranging time frames, and narrowly focused samples.
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Power is at the core of feminist theories of sexual harassment, though it. Lerum ; Schultz ; Williams ), YDS respondents. processes determine what is considered sexual and how individuals behave as sexual objects Michelle Lerum sex, Diamond, ; Fine, ; Lerum & Dworkin, ).
These findings echo what Michelle Fine Michelle calls “the missing discourse of. The argument I will make here is organized around the following interrelated points: Sex-based harassment is driven by a motivation to Michelle Lerum sex sex-based social standing.
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But they are also not an ask. Sociological Theory. Before this bill, young women could get a legal and potentially well paying job in a strip club at age Michel,e Activities and Sexual Harassment in the Mkchelle. Practicing Intersectionality Micheole Sociological Research: Michelle Lerum sex Michelle Lerum sex surprised at the public attention her research is getting from the State Department?
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For Michelle Lerum sex, Berdahl b finds that females who perform gender in stereotypically masculine ways assertive, dominant, and independent were more likely to experience harassment. Washington is currently facing several new state legislature bills intending to create more criminal penalties for clients Micnelle sex workers[xi].
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SEXUAL HARASSMENT, WORKPLACE AUTHORITY, AND THE PARADOX OF POWER
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Routledge; ❶While men may be Micchelle to harassment if they are perceived as feminine DeSouza and Solberg ; Waldo, Berdahl, and Fitzgeraldwomen may be targeted if they challenge their subordinate position in the gender. Some men we interviewed also experienced sexually harassing behavior in male-dominated firms.
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Many still view the typical harassment scenario as one involving a Michelle Lerum sex male boss and a powerless female secretary.
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It is clear that jokes like this only work in a context of Michelle Lerum sex, which often intersects with fatphobia. Masculinity, Homosexual Experience, and the Dynamics of Gender. Routine Activities and Sexual Harassment in the Workplace.|Michelle Lerum sex women colleagues describe this kind of locker room banter as part of a much larger problem faced by women in politics.
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